The CPU Profile produces six separate scores, one for each test. The better the processor's performance, the higher the score.

Instead of calculating the time taken to execute an entire frame, with the 3DMark CPU Profile we only measure the time taken to complete the simulation work in each time. The rendering work in each frame is done before the simulation and does not affect the score. 

3DMark CPU Profile scores

The CPU score (S_cpu) for each level of threading is calculated from the average simulation time per frame reported in milliseconds.

S_CPU    =    (T_Reference × S_Reference) / T_Simulation 

T_Reference     =    Reference time constant set to 70
S_Reference     =    Reference score constant set to 5,000
T_Simulation    =    The average simulation time per frame

The scoring formula is the same for each level of threading in the 3DMark CPU Profile. Scores are comparable across tests. You can compare the 8-thread score with the 4-thread score, for example. A higher score means the CPU performed the work faster. 

Your 3DMark CPU Profile scores should increase up to the number of threads supported by your CPU. For CPUs with simultaneous multithreading (SMT), which have more threads than cores, the benefit of having more threads decreases beyond the number of available CPU cores.